Screening tests help your doctor find polyps or cancer before you have symptoms. Finding and removing polyps may prevent colorectal cancer. Also, treatment for colorectal cancer is more likely to be effective when the disease is found early.
Fecal occult blood test (FOBT): Sometimes cancers or polyps bleed, and the FOBT can detect tiny amounts of blood in the stool. If this test detects blood, other tests are needed to find the source of the blood. Benign conditions (such as hemorrhoids) also can cause blood in the stool.
Sigmoidoscopy: Your doctor checks inside your rectum and the lower part of the colon with a lighted tube called a sigmoidoscope. If polyps are found, the doctor removes them. The procedure to remove polyps is called a polypectomy.
Colonoscopy: Your doctor examines inside the rectum and entire colon using a long, lighted tube called a colonoscope. Your doctor removes polyps that may be found.
Double-contrast barium enema: You are given an enema with a barium solution, and air is pumped into your rectum. Several x-ray pictures are taken of your colon and rectum. The barium and air help your colon and rectum show up on the pictures. Polyps or tumors may show up.
Digital rectal exam: A rectal exam is often part of a routine physical examination. Your doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into your rectum to feel for abnormal areas.
Colon cancer found in the early stages has a survival rate as great at 90%
A common symptom of colorectal cancer is a change in bowel habits. Symptoms include:
Having diarrhea or constipation Feeling that your bowel does not empty completely Finding blood (either bright red or very dark) in your stool Finding your stools are narrower than usual Frequently having gas pains or cramps, or feeling full or bloated Losing weight with no known reason Feeling very tired all the time Having nausea or vomiting
Most often, these symptoms are not due to cancer. Other health problems can cause the same symptoms. Anyone with these symptoms should see a doctor to be diagnosed and treated as early as possible.
Usually, early cancer does not cause pain. It is important not to wait to feel pain before seeing a doctor.
In the United States, colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer in men, after skin, prostate, and lung cancer. It is also the fourth most common cancer in women, after skin, breast, and lung cancer.
New Car Tag Aims To Lower Colon Cancer Deaths
Sometimes it's a silent killer, and many don't find it until it's too late.
The American Cancer Society estimates nearly 50,000 people will die this year from colon cancer, but one local doctor is trying to change that one car at a time. His name is Sam Pace, and he has a personal experience with the deadly disease.
"The reason I'm living today is because I was screened," he explained. "I practiced what I preach. I had a screening done, and lo and behold, colon cancer was found. I sit here today because I had screening."
It's estimated nearly 1,500 hundred Mississippians will be diagnosed this year alone. Six hundred and forty of them will die. But if caught early enough, they, just like Dr. Pace, can go on to live healthy lives. That's why he and a group called Mississippi 70x2020 are on a mission. It's a mission to have at least 70 percent of all Mississippians up-to-date with their screenings by the year 2020.
"Some patients come in to have a screening colonoscopy just for their checkup and we find colon cancer," Pace said. "That's what happened with me."
To help them with their goal, they designed a new car tag to raise awareness about colon cancer screening. It features the national ribbon and color.
"It's a great cause" said North Mississippi Medical Center Graphic Designer Leslie Geoghegan. "I have a lot of friends and family member affected by cancer, so I was proud to jump at the opportunity to design this new tag."
The tag is not available right now. They have to sell at least 300 before Mississippi will issue them statewide.
"This will give us more funds to help spread awareness to areas of the state who are under served," Pace explained.
And it's a message close to his heart: helping save lives, one car at a time.
"What a blessing it would be to all the people in the state of Mississippi and the families of loved ones if they know we're preventing colon cancer," he said. "Those individuals are going to be there longer for their families. What could be better?"
Each tag costs $31.
For more information, call 1-877-825-0068.